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Name(official): Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Name(short): Mauritania
Capital City: Nouakchott
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara. Click to enlarge map of mauritania
Map of Mauritania
Coordinate: 20 00 N, 12 00 W
Independence: (From France) November 28th; 1960.
  • Gen. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz - President - from 5 August 2009
  • Ba Mamadou Mbaré - Acting President 16/4/2009 - 5/8/2009
  • General Mohammed Ould Abdel Aziz - President 6/8/2008 - 15/4/2009. seized power following his military dismissal)
  • Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh 19/4/2007 - 6/8/2008
  • Moulaya Ould Mohamed Laghdaf - Prime Minister since 14/8/2008
Type of Government: Republic
Total Area: 1 030
Population: 3,281,634 (July 2011 est.)
3 177 388 (July 2006 est.)
People: Mixed Maur/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%.
Religion: Muslim 100%
Languages: Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof.
Literacy: total 51.2%: Male 59.5%, Female 43.4% (2000 census)
Currency: Ouguiya (MRO) 1 ouguiya = 5 khoums
GDP(per capita): $2,100 (2010 est.) $2,100 (2008 est.) $2 200 (2005 est.)
Arable Land: 0.2% (2005 est.)
Agriculture: Dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, cattle, sheep.
Natural resources: Iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamond, gold, oil, fish.
Embassy in Japan: Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania,
Chancery: 5-17-5, Kita-Shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku.
Post Code: 141-0001, Tel. 03-3449-3810
Embassy of the Islamic Republic pf Mauritania, Tokyo
General Info:
International Phone Code: +222


  • Tourism: Great national parks, wild Saharan sand dunes with wind ripples, deep canyons, ancient cities - four of which are classified by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites, and beautiful beaches along the Atlantic coast are few of the combinations that make Mauritania a great tourist attraction.
    • Banc d'Arguin National park - UNESCO World Heritage Site, home to over 2 million birds, divers animal and plant species
    • Diawling National park
    • 4 Ancient Cities on UNESCO World Heritage Sites
      • Ksour of Oudane
      • Chiguetti
      • Tichitt
      • Oulata
    • Others on waiting list
      • Cultural Landscape Azougui
      • Archaeological site of Kumbi Saleh(capital city of Old Ghana Empire)
      • Archaeological site of Tegdaoust(industrial city and old Ghana Empire center of trade in gold, iron and copper, city dates back to the 8th century)


Nouakchott, Nouadhibou, Rosso.




12 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 capital district*; Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott*, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza.